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CONCRETE FALSEWORK AND FORMWORK

R20.17-1 RE: Construction, Excavation and Demolition - Concrete Falsework and Formwork - Specifications and Plans

OPEN WEB JOISTS AND TRUSSES

R20.72-1 RE: Construction, Excavation and Demolition - Open Web Joists and Trusses - Erection Instructions (All-Wood Plate-Connected Open Web Trusses)

Policies Part 20 - Concrete Formwork and Falsework

Policy Item R20.17-1
RE: Construction, Excavation and Demolition - Concrete Falsework and Formwork - Specifications and Plans

BACKGROUND
1. Explanatory Notes
Section 20.17 sets out the requirements for specifications and plans for concrete falsework and formwork.

2. The Regulation
Section 20.17:

(1) The employer must ensure that worksite specific plans are prepared for the following types of formwork and any associated falsework or reshoring:

(a) flyforms;

(b) ganged forms;

(c) jump forms;

(d) vertical slip forms;

(e) formwork over 4 m (13 ft.) in height;

(f) suspended forms for beams, slabs, stairs and landings;

(g) single sided, battered or inclined forms over 2 m (6.5 ft.) in height;

(h) cantilever forms;

(i) bridge deck forms;

(j) shaft lining forms;

(k) tunnel lining forms;

(l) formwork onto which concrete will be pumped through an injection port below the upper concrete surface;

(m) formwork over 3 m (10 ft.) in height into which self-consolidating concrete will be placed;

(n) formwork designated by the designer of the structure.

(2) The employer must ensure that a professional engineer certifies the following in accordance with section 20.18:

(a) worksite specific plans;

(b) any changes to worksite specific plans.

(3) The employer must ensure that certified worksite specific plans are available at the worksite during erection, use and dismantling of the formwork, falsework and reshoring.

(4) The employer must ensure that any changes to the certified worksitee specific plans are available at the worksite

(a) as soon as practicable, and

(b) before the inspection required for placement of concrete or other intended loading of the formwork, falsework and reshoring.

(5) The employer must ensure that the formwork, falsework and reshoring are erected, used and, if applicable, dismantled in accordance with up-to-date certified worksite specific plans.

POLICY
Occasionally a portion of concrete falsework and formwork may be designed as part of a sales or rental subcontract by a scaffold and shoring supplier, or designed as part of the permanent structure by the design engineer for the structure.

Generally, the "partial designs" supplied in such cases are certified by a professional engineer, but do not contain all the information and instructions required by section 20.20(1) of the Regulation. Typically, documents are deficient in the area of section views, packing, blocking, and form details. Reshoring, where required, is either not specified or not referenced. There may also be a statement in such documents indicating or implying the documents do not satisfy the requirements of the Regulation without further detailing.

These documents are not acceptable unless additional detailing and documentation, certified by a professional engineer, are available at the site for the portions of the design not covered by the "partial designs" referred to above.

Worksite specific plans must be complete and comply with the Regulation. Under section 20.20(2), if any information required by subsection (1) cannot be provided, the worksite specific plans must include special notation of the information that is incomplete and that will require field design.

An "inspection certificate" issued by an engineer prior to pour, based on incomplete worksite specific plans, is not valid.

Officers will order concrete placing stopped if the inspection certificate is not available at the site or is not valid.


EFFECTIVE DATE: April 1, 2001
AUTHORITY: s. 20.17, Occupational Health and Safety Regulation
CROSS REFERENCES: s. 20.16.1 - 20.26, Occupational Health and Safety Regulation
HISTORY: Housekeeping changes were made on June 3, 2019 to reflect the June 3, 2019 changes to the Occupational Health and Safety Regulation ("OHSR").
Housekeeping changes effective September 15, 2010 to delete practice reference and make formating changes.
Housekeeping changes were made on March 1, 2005 to reflect the October 29, 2003 changes to the OHSR. This Item originally replaced Policy No. 34.28(6) of the former Prevention Division Policy and Procedure Manual.
Effective October 29, 2003, the reproduction of section 20.17(1) of the OHSR in this Item was revised to reflect its amendment.
This Item results from the 2000/2001 "editorial" consolidation of all prevention policies into the Prevention Manual. The POLICY in this Item merely continues the substantive requirements of Policy No. 34.28(6), as they existed prior to the Effective Date, with any wording changes necessary to reflect legislative and regulatory changes since Policy No. 34.28(6) was issued.
APPLICATION: This policy applies to certified plans and specifications for concrete falsework and formwork on and after April 1, 2001.

Policies Part 20 - Open Web Joists and Trusses

Policy Item R20.72-1
RE: Construction, Excavation and Demolition - Open Web Joists and Trusses - Erection Instructions (All-Wood Plate-Connected Open Web Trusses)

BACKGROUND
1. Explanatory Notes
Section 20.72 requires that written instructions from a professional engineer or the manufacturer be available at the worksite before work is undertaken on the erection of premanufactured open web joists and trusses.

2. The Regulation
Section 20.72:

(1) Work must not be undertaken on the erection of premanufactured open web joists and trusses until clear and appropriate written instructions from a professional engineer or the manufacturer of the joists or trusses, detailing safe erection procedures, are available at the worksite.

(2) Erection and temporary bracing of open web joists and trusses must be done in accordance with the written instructions required by subsection (1).

POLICY
This policy applies to all-wood plate-connected open web flat and pitched trusses. It does not apply to multi-member chord types or pin-connected, wood chord-metal tube web-type trusses (Trus Joists).

The employer responsible for the handling and installation of the trusses must have clear and appropriate written instructions from the truss manufacturer or a professional engineer, stipulating safe erection procedures. The truss manufacturer will normally provide some General Recommended Erection and Bracing Instructions with delivery of the trusses.

Officers will stop truss erection when:

  • erection and bracing instructions are not available at the site or are obviously incomplete;
  • work is not being done in accordance with the erection and bracing instructions;
  • the side walls or skeletal structural building frame are inadequately braced (Typically, the recommended maximum spacing braces on walls is 30 feet or 10 metres.);
  • damaged trusses (including twisted webs, bent connector plates, cracked chords) are being or have been installed; or
  • heavy loads are being applied to trusses before all bracing, bridging and decking has been installed.

EFFECTIVE DATE: April 1, 2001
AUTHORITY: s. 20.72, Occupational Health and Safety Regulation
CROSS REFERENCES: s. 191, Workers Compensation Act
HISTORY: Housekeeping changes effective September 15, 2010 to delete practice reference and make formatting changes.
Replaces Policy No. 34.42-1 of the Prevention Division Policy and Procedure Manual
APPLICATION: This Item results from the 2000/2001 "editorial" consolidation of all prevention policies into the Prevention Manual. The POLICY in this Item merely continues the substantive requirements of Policy No. 34.42-1, as they existed prior to the Effective Date, with any wording changes necessary to reflect legislative and regulatory changes since Policy No. 34.42-1 was issued.

Disclaimer: The Workers' Compensation Board of B.C. ("WorkSafeBC") publishes the online version Occupational Health and Safety Regulation ("OHS Regulation") in accordance with its mandate under the Workers Compensation Act to provide information and promote public awareness of occupational health and safety matters. The online OHS Regulation is not the official version of the OHS Regulation, which may be purchased from Crown Publications. WorkSafeBC endeavours to update the online OHS Regulation as soon as possible following any legislative amendments. However, WorkSafeBC does not warrant the accuracy or the completeness of the online OHS Regulation, and neither WorkSafeBC nor its board of directors, employees or agents shall be liable to any person for any loss or damage of any nature, whether arising out of negligence or otherwise, arising from the use of the online OHS Regulation. Employers are legally obligated to make a copy of the Workers Compensation Act and the OHS Regulation readily available for review by workers. The circumstances under which WorkSafeBC may consider an employer's providing access to electronic versions of the Act and OHS Regulation to have satisfied this obligation are described in Guideline G-D3-115(2)(f).