Forestry field work and COVID-19 safety
These protocols provide guidance to employers in forestry field work. Employers must also ensure they are abiding by any orders, notices, or guidance issued by the provincial health officer, and the appropriate health authority, that are relevant to their workplace.
For more information from WorkSafeBC, please see:
- COVID-19 health and safety information: general information for all employers and workers about staying safe at work
- Frequently asked questions: answers to questions from British Columbian workers and employers on how to maintain a healthy and safe workplace
COVID-19 safety plans
Every employer is required to have a COVID-19 safety plan that assesses the risk of exposure at their workplace and implements measures to keep their workers safe.
To help you develop your plan, this page provides information and resources on keeping workers safe in industries that have been providing essential services since the start of the COVID-19 outbreak. In addition to updating this page, we have provided additional information on developing a safety plan at COVID-19 and returning to safe operation, including a template for a COVID-19 Safety Plan, and in our COVID-19 Safety Plan OHS Guideline, which includes information on the level of detail required and using supporting documentation.
WorkSafeBC will be reviewing plans of individual employers during their inspections of your workplace. Please be reminded that in accordance with the order of the provincial health officer, this plan must be posted at the worksite. During a WorkSafeBC inspection, we will ask employers about the steps they have taken to protect their workers and to see the plan if it has been developed. To learn more, read Inspections during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Forest licensee, prime contractor, employer, and sub-contractor responsibilities
All workplace parties have responsibilities for ensuring that work is planned, coordinated, and conducted in a manner that limits worker exposure to COVID-19.
Forest licensees must ensure that all activities of the forestry operation are planned and conducted by all parties at the worksite in a manner that limits worker exposure to COVID-19.
Prime contractors must ensure that the activities of employers, workers, sub-contractors and other parties at the workplace are coordinated. The prime contractor must also do everything that is reasonably practicable to establish and maintain a system or process that will ensure the compliance with the Occupational Health and Safety Regulation and the Workers Compensation Act.
Forestry employers and sub-contractors are responsible for ensuring the health and safety of workers by putting policies and procedures in place to keep workers healthy and safe, which includes instituting policies and procedures necessary to abide by orders and guidance from the provincial health officer. They are also responsible for providing workers with up-to-date instructions, training, and supervision on those policies and procedures.
Prime contractors, employers, and sub-contractors must have a mechanism in place for workers to raise issues and concerns about COVID-19 exposure so that additional precautions and controls can be put in place where required.
Controlling the risk of COVID-19 exposure
Employers must take all necessary precautions to minimize the risk of COVID-19 transmission and illness to themselves, workers, and others in the workplace. This includes adhering to the provincial health officer’s directions.
The following guidance is provided to outdoor forestry worksites on how guidance and orders issued by the provincial health officer might apply at their worksite.
- Implementing policies that reflect the following guidance from the provincial health officer and the BC Centre for Disease Control around self-isolation:
- Anyone who has had symptoms of COVID-19 in the last 10 days must self-isolate at home.
- Anyone under the direction of the provincial health officer to self-isolate must follow those instructions.
- Anyone who has arrived from outside of Canada must self-isolate for 14 days and monitor for symptoms.
- Maintain a distance of two metres between workers by revising work schedules, organizing work tasks, and limiting contact between people. Examples may include using digital or electronic methods of transfer of scale and load slips (such as cell phone photos and email) rather than physical exchange of paper slips.
- Avoid large groups congregating in one area by reducing in-person meetings and other gatherings.
- Provide portable handwashing stations in areas accessible to workers. Hand sanitizing stations equipped with gels or wipes or water jugs with soap and disposable towels may be used where handwashing stations are impractical. Ensure all employees know where the facilities are located.
- Maintain a list of all employees who are currently working at a site and update this list daily; this includes log truck drivers and all others who visit the site or work there intermittently.
- Clean all common areas and surfaces, including inside cabs of mobile equipment, instruments, and door handles, at the end of each day or when the operator changes.
- Employers should assess the number of workers being transported at any given time and employ measures to ensure distance between workers is maintained. This may mean using multiple vehicles or larger vehicles to ensure maximum spacing.
- Whenever possible, workers should travel alone in vehicles to maximize physical distancing. If workers travel alone, employers must implement all of the necessary safeguards related to working alone or in isolation to ensure the safety of these workers.
- If the driver and one passenger travel together in a vehicle with two rows of seating, the passenger should sit in the back seat on the opposite side from the driver.
- When it is not practicable to have effective physical distancing measures in place during travel, such as by having one worker per vehicle, employers should implement the “work pod” or “crew” model. With this model, the same small group of workers is designated to work and travel together, and stay together if in a camp. The size of this pod must not exceed the total number of seats in the crew vehicle and should be kept to a maximum of six or fewer whenever possible. Employers should keep track of work pod or crew assignments. Work pods or crews should continue using one vehicle assigned to the group and occupants if possible, and not change their seating arrangements unless the vehicle has been thoroughly cleaned in between.
- If using vans and buses, employers should ensure appropriate distance by adjusting the number of workers taken per trip and the overall number of trips needed to transport workers to a worksite. Workers should be seated one to a seat, with riders staggered to allow maximum distance. Employers should implement a process that allows the driver and passengers to load and offload, or remain seated during loading and offloading, in a manner that allows for adequate distancing and prevents crowding while on or off the bus. Employers should have handwashing facilities or sanitizer available before and after the trip.
- Employers may consider installing physical barriers that can minimize the spread of droplets inside vehicles but must ensure that the barriers are not mounted rigidly on the vehicle and do not create additional hazards by hindering the driver’s vision, causing injury if there’s an accident, obstructing occupants’ egress if the doors become unusable, or in any way obstructing the safe operation and use of the vehicle. Barriers may only be installed in a way that does not contravene applicable regulations. Employers should identify and consult any applicable standards or codes before making any modifications to a vehicle. Please refer to COVID-19 health and safety: Designing effective barriers.
- If it is not possible to ensure 2 metres of distance between workers in a vehicle, the employer must consider other control measures, such as masks where appropriate. Employers must understand the limitations of masks as a protective measure and must ensure that masks are selected and used appropriately, and that workers are trained in the safe use of masks, including cleaning and laundering, safe donning/doffing practices, and washing hands before and after putting them on. Please refer to COVID-19 health and safety: Selecting and using masks.
- Employers must ensure that high-contact surfaces within the vehicle are cleaned at the start of each day and throughout the day whenever practical. These include door handles, handholds and arm rests, seatbelts and buckles, headrests, steering wheel and dashboard controls, ventilation grilles and knobs, rear view mirrors, and any navigational (GPS) and communication devices (radios and satellite phones). An alcohol-based cleaner or disinfecting wipes/spray and paper towels should be used; and if these are unavailable, then soap and water.
- If using aircraft or boats for worker transport, forestry employers must ensure that the transport provider they choose has effective COVID-19 prevention protocols and control measures that reflect the guidance provided by the BC Centre for Disease Control, and by Transport Canada, as applicable. Some of the physical distancing and cleaning protocols recommended for motor vehicles may also be adapted for crew boats.
- Hands should be washed thoroughly before and after travel between sites.
Work camps provide an environment that can foster the transmission of infections, so it is important to implement effective infection prevention and control measures that can reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission. Employers must ensure that everyone is trained in these measures and that they are communicated to everyone at the camp and posted in a prominent place at the accommodation and the worksite.
On July 2, 2020, the provincial health officer updated its order to all forestry operations providing worker accommodation. Employers are required to read and comply with this order in its entirety. It includes requirements for employers to:
- Develop a COVID-19 infection prevention and control protocol to reduce the risk of transmission both in worker accommodation and in vehicles used for work and to transport workers to and from their accommodation;
- Appoint a coordinator to oversee all aspects of the protocol, including monitoring workers daily for COVID-19 symptoms and for compliance with the provincial health officer order. The coordinator will also serve as the point of contact between the employer and health officers or provincial infection prevention and control officers; and,
- Arrange for a health officer or a provincial infection prevention and control officer to inspect the worksite, worker accommodations, and vehicles at the worksite. The required timeframes for these inspections are laid out in the order.
The order also contains specific requirements for workers, including requirements for self-monitoring, hygiene, travel, and physical distancing. The employer must post and communicate these requirements to all workers.
For more information, see the provincial government’s Protecting Industrial Camp Workers, Contractors, and Employers Working in the Agricultural, Forestry, and Natural Resource Sectors.
Please see the provincial government’s Protecting Industrial Camp Workers, Contractors, and Employers Working in the Agricultural, Forestry, and Natural Resource Sectors for guidance that applies to employers, camp operators, employees, and contractors working in the silviculture sector.
This document assists employers to develop operational protocols that implement the orders, notices, and guidance issued by British Columbia’s provincial health officer. In particular, reading this guidance will help operators to implement the requirements in the Industrial Camp Order.
Resolving concerns about unsafe work
Workers have the right to refuse work if they believe it presents an undue hazard.
An undue hazard is an “unwarranted, inappropriate, excessive, or disproportionate” hazard. For COVID-19, an “undue hazard” would be one where a worker’s job role places them at increased risk of exposure and adequate controls are not in place to protect them from that exposure.
If the matter is not resolved, the worker and the supervisor or employer must contact WorkSafeBC. Once that occurs, a prevention officer will consult with workplace parties to determine whether there is an undue hazard and issue orders if necessary.
For more information, see Occupational Health and Safety Guideline G3.12.
For more information
Note: The information on this page is based on current recommendations and may change. Content from health and safety associations and other parties is also subject to change and WorkSafeBC has not reviewed this material for the purpose of ensuring it is aligned with our guidance. For the latest guidance, visit the British Columbia Centre for Disease Control for health information and see the latest news from the government of British Columbia.
The BC Forest Safety Council is the health and safety association established for B.C.’s forestry industry. They have developed an information page of resources to help employers manage the risk of COVID-19 exposure.
If you have a question or concern
Workers and employers with questions or concerns about workplace exposure to COVID-19 can call WorkSafeBC’s Prevention Information Line at 604.276.3100 in the Lower Mainland (toll-free within B.C. at 1.888.621.SAFE). You’ll be able to speak to a prevention officer to get answers to your questions, and if required, a prevention officer will be assigned to assess the health and safety risk at your workplace.